At the UN Climate Conference in Glasgow (COP26), several multilateral initiatives were launched that manifest the ongoing development of a more polycentric and complex international climate governance. Initiatives and so-called climate clubs can potentially close the 2030 ambition gap and implement climate action more quickly. Nonetheless, the development must be closely observed to make sure that governments and initiatives keep their promises and reach their targets. As a starting point, we took a closer look at three COP26 initiatives: The Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance (BOGA), the Global Methane Pledge (GMP) and the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land-Use (GDFLU).
Thea Uhlich and Jan Burck