The Global Climate Risk Index 2015 analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). The most recent data available – from 2013 and 1994–2013 – were taken into account. The countries affected most in 2013 were the Philippines, Cambodia and India. For the period from 1994 to 2013 Honduras, Myanmar and Haiti rank highest.
This year's 10th edition of the analysis reconfirms that, according to the Climate Risk Index, less developed countries are generally more affected than industrialised countries. Regarding future climate change, the Climate Risk Index may serve as a red flag for already existing vulnerability that may further increase in regions where extreme events will become more frequent or more severe due to climate change. While some vulnerable developing countries are frequently hit by extreme events, there are also some others where such disasters are a rare occurrence.
Lima is a stepping-stone in the preparation of the Paris Agreement. It will provide the framing for the pivotal Paris Conference in 2015, and it will have to issue decisive guidance – national and international for the Paris preparation. Furthermore, in Lima countries must make concrete decisions to advance the implementation of National Adaptation Plans, and to develop the work plan for the Warsaw International Mechanism to support countries in addressing climatic loss and damage.
Klima-Risiko-Index, Indizes, Climate Risk Index
S. Kreft, D. Eckstein, L. Junghans, C. Kerestan & U.Hagen